Bipolar disorder: Bipolar disorder is one of the most common serious mental illnesses. In past decades this diagnosis has included only the old manic-depressive psychosis, but current research points to a cluster of lower intensity forms and more complicated diagnosis. In recent years, progress has been made in the links between this type of disease and the rhythms of sleep, light-darkness, activity and habits, generating treatments that contribute to the classic drug-based treatment.
Addictions: Addictions are one of the world's major health problems. For years they have been abandoned by medicine, relegated to the realm of morality or the patient's will. Today that erroneous vision is behind us and we know that addictions are a disease that alters the way the brain values and chooses its goals. In this decade we are witnessing the translation of these new findings and discoveries from laboratories into clinical practice.
Williams-Beuren Syndrome: Williams-Beuren syndrome is a congenital disease that is caused by a choice of about 20 genes on chromosome 7. Among its most important symptoms are mental retardation, cardiac and digestive problems, facial alterations and a specific psychiatric profile with a high vulnerability to anxiety and decreased social fear among other characteristics. As with other forms of intellectual disability, there is a risk that the weight of mental symptoms on the quality of life may not be given sufficient weight or that they may be treated conventionally without taking into account the different response of these patients to the drugs.
Predictive medicine: New advances in data processing and machine learning are enabling us to improve our understanding of the functioning of the human brain. The application of these tools in the treatment of mental illness will be a turning point in this and other branches of medicine.
Neurodevelopment: Many mental illnesses are the result of small errors in the development of the central nervous system. These alterations, which usually occur during intrauterine development, will lead to mental illness during adolescence or adulthood. Studying the full course of the disease, which often begins decades before the onset of symptoms, can help us better understand these problems and, more importantly, come up with more effective treatments.